Textile fibres are divided into natural fibres and synthetic fibres. As a result of industrial development and the growth of the global population, fibre usage has continuously increased around the world – the volume of synthetic fibres meanwhile outnumbers that of other fibres.
The group of natural fibres includes all fibres of natural origin. This includes plant fibres like cotton or hemp, animal fibres like wool, angora or silk, but also mineral fibres like asbestos.
Wool is the classic among the natural functional yarns. Due to its thermal and moisture-regulating properties, its anti-static behaviour, high flame retardancy and natural self-cleaning ability, this yarn continues to stand out among the myriad synthetic fibres. Kobleder is in a position to offer certified yarns, for example with GOTS certification, which is well known in the fashion industry.
Tencel® is a regenerated fibre sourced from natural raw materials using chemical processes. Only wood from sustainable forestry practices is used to produce it. Lenzing produces this fibre of the future with the utmost resource efficiency and a closed production cycle. It is not only environmentally friendly and economical but also produced right on our doorstep in Upper Austria.
Hemp is a plant that has been used for its medicinal and beneficial properties for centuries. Its fibres are very long, tear-resistant and resilient. Hemp had fallen into disuse as an industrial plant, and with it the processes and knowledge about obtaining its fibres. The low-maintenance plant needs very little water and can be grown almost anywhere in the world. Hemp not only feels pleasant on the skin when worn, but textiles made of it are robust and weather-resistant, as well as very environmentally friendly.
Polyester, polyamide or polyacrylic are often used in knitwear. It was the development of chemical fibres made with natural and synthetic polymers that enabled the massive increase in the production of inexpensive textiles from the middle of the 20th century. The importance of materials made of natural fibres, especially the market share of cotton in clothing, decreased by a third with the rise of synthetic fibres like polyester yarns in the 70s. But since the 90s, the trend for natural fabrics has been on the rise again. Nevertheless, synthetic fibres are primarily used in technical knitted fabrics. While cellulose fibres from wood or cotton fibres are declining as a source of natural basic raw materials, these days synthetic fibres are the result of artificial polymer formations through polymerisation, polycondensation and polyaddition.
is the cost-efficient classic among the synthetic fibres. The sophisticated production technology makes it possible to adapt the fibres to virtually any use. Polyester absorbs very little dirt, stretches well thanks to its high elasticity, has a high tear and abrasion resistance whether it’s wet or dry, is crease-proof, decomposes extremely slowly and absorbs very little moisture. Polyester fibres are particularly light- and weather-resistant and therefore resistant to climatic influences.
is the oldest and most successful synthetic fibre on the textile market. It is known under names such as nylon, Perlon, Antron, Tactel, Kevlar and Rho-Sport. Polyamide fibres are particularly tear-resistant, crease-proof, don’t fray easily, are resistant against bacteria and mites, do not absorb chemicals, have a high electrostatic charge and are available in all colours. The trend for functional outdoor clothing and sporty underwear has opened up a wide spectrum of uses for polyamide fibres.
All yarns in the colour chart are made of flame-retardant PES (polyester) and comply with current standards and fire protection norms like DIN 4102, CAL 117 or EN 1021-1. Upon individual request, we can also dye your yarns for you. All we need is your chosen RAL or Pantone colour code. We also offer our customers a selection of mélange colour tones, i.e. two- or multi-coloured yarn blends. Of course we also knit polyamide (PA), wool, Tencel (cellulose fibres) and a variety of other special yarns.
Just ask us and we will be happy to help!